Golan Heights Introduction

The Golan Heights or simply the Golan, spanning about 1,800 square kilometers (690 sq mi). The region defined as the Golan Heights differs between disciplines: as a geological and biogeographical region, the Golan Heights is a basaltic plateau bordered by the Yarmouk River in the south, the Sea of Galilee and Hula Valley in the west, the Anti-Lebanon with Mount Hermon in the north and Wadi Raqqa in the east.

In the end of the 19th Century, Jews from Europe bought lands in the Golan Heights (Around 60000 Acres) and Settled there.

Unfortunately, 24 years after that, in 1920 Native Arabs attacked the Jews, Massacre some of them (including women and children), and

גולן טופוגרפי לאתר באנגלית.jpg

the rest Abandoned the Villages. This was the end of Jewish settle in the Golan Height till 1967.

In 1967 the Golan Heights was released by Israel during the Six-Day War, territory which has been administered as part of Israel since 1981 till today. This region includes the western two-thirds of the geological Golan Heights and Mount Hermon.

The earliest evidence of human habitation on the Golan dates to the Upper Paleolithic period. According to the Bible, an Amorite Kingdom in Bashan was conquered by Israelites during the reign of King Og.  Throughout the biblical period, the Golan was "the focus of a power struggle between the kings of Israel and the Aramaeans who were based near modern-day Damascus. After Assyrian and Babylonian rule, Persia dominated the region and allowed it to be resettled by returning Jews from the Babylonian Captivity.

Organized Jewish settlement in the region came to an end in 636 CE when it was conquered by Arabs. In the 16th century, the Golan was conquered by the Ottoman Empire until it was transferred to French mandate in 1918. When the mandate terminated in 1946, it became part of the newly independent Syrian Republic.

Since the 1967 Six-Day War, the western two-thirds of the Golan Heights has been occupied and administered by Israel, whereas the eastern third remains under control of the Syrian Arab Republic.

After the onset of the Syrian Civil War, Israel helped thousands to get medical care in the Israelis hospitals, without interrogating the people regarding which side they are.

On 25 March 2019, U.S. President Donald Trump proclaimed that "the United States recognizes that the Golan Heights are part of the State of Israel".